Analytics-driven forecasting means more than measuring trend and seasonality. It includes all categories of methods including more advanced methods, such as artificial intelligence, but not necessarily deep learning algorithms. Expert systems are an integral part of artificial intelligence, also known as вЂњsymbolic artificial intelligenceвЂќ (AI), which is designed to think like a human. AI is differentiated from вЂњsub-symbolic artificial intelligence,вЂќ which includes the newly revived research area of neural networks and deep learning. Even with all the buzz about AI and machine learning (ML), not many are using either for demand forecasting, if they do, itвЂ™s on a one-off basis, not on a large scale across the entire business product hierarchy. In fact, many companies feel that AI and ML is the new demand forecasting вЂњeasy button,вЂќ which I remind them only works in those Staples commercials. You still need data scientists to monitor and tweak models using analytics-driven methods to make corrections if something dramatically changes. And demand planners are needed to own and manage the demand planning process.